A building inspection is essentially an inspection conducted by a qualified building inspector, an individual licensed in one or more fields and is usually qualified in construction and/or structural engineering, qualifying them to render objective judgment on whether a structure meets currently accepted building standards. In a standard inspection, the inspector will perform physical examinations to determine whether the design is safe for human habitation and mechanical and structural elements, such as strength, durability, and safety. The purpose of a physical examination is to discover any damages, irregularities, or other defects that may affect the integrity of the building and create a hazard to people. The investigator will also typically conduct tests that test the structure’s resistance to adverse environmental conditions. Suppose the results of these tests indicate potential problems with the building’s construction. In that case, the inspector shall write a report describing the nature of the problem and the corrective actions taken if a problem is found. The resulting report is referred to as an inspection report.
During a building inspections, a professional will also check the exterior of the structure, focusing on the roof, facade, walkways, landscaping, and other visible features of the property. A critical but often overlooked aspect of the exterior is the sealing of the retaining walls. Sealing prevents rain, snow, and other forms of damaging moisture from getting inside the building and damaging the interior surfaces of the walls. A good inspection should also inspect the roof, attics, drainage system, and downspouts for leaks or cracks. An inspection of the drains and sewer systems is recommended before any construction is carried out on the property.
Most professional building inspection services employ a licensed professional building inspector. In Ontario, two organizations provide licensing; the Building Standards Institute (BSI) and the Royal Society of Certified Surveyors (RSC). These organizations require members to take a one-hour training course on basic building inspection techniques. Once licensed, building inspectors must complete a minimum number of completed projects. After the training, candidates must take a practice exam and a final exam to become a member.
Another important aspect of a building inspection involves pre-purchase property inspection. This process requires the seller to submit documents to the inspecting officer proving the existence and extent of all defects. Most warranties do not cover pre-purchase defects, so this step is particularly important. Pre-purchase inspections are most often conducted by a licensed professional and can range from a simple visual walk-through to a complete structural examination of the house.
The majority of warranties will require the seller to submit documentation supporting the claims made within the pre-purchase property inspection report. Some allow for submitting a written evaluation, while others do not. The key elements listed above are intended to assist potential homebuyers in considering all aspects of a potential purchase. Potential buyers will find this information helpful in assessing their decision. The following information in this article has been provided to decide which house to purchase, click this link.